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east end Term used to describe
the apse or hemicycle portion of a church containing the main
altar. More broadly, may refer to the area of the church including
the choir, apse, ambulatory and radiating chapels. Most Medieval
churches were oriented on an east-west axis with the main
entrance at the west end and the high altar at the east end
facing the direction of the Holy Land.
Female personification of the Church often shown in conjunction
with Synagoga (Personification of Judaism). Ecclesia was crowned
and held a chalice and Synagoga was blindfolded and held the
Tablets of the Law (the Ten Commandments given to Moses).
Decorative molding designed with alternating egg-shaped and
dart-like forms common in Classical architecture and used
frequently during the Middle Ages.
A single face or side of a building or an informational drawing
or diagram made to illustrate the face or side of a building.
Colored glass in powder or paste form (composed of quartz,
feldspar, clay, soda, and borax) and fused by firing to the
surface of an object resulting in a hard, glass-like character.
Two main types of enameling were used in the Middle Ages,
cloisonnˇ and champlevˇ.
Inner narthex (entrance porch) in basilican and Byzantine
churches. engaged column, colonette or shaft - A column, colonette
or shaft partly embedded or bonded to a supporting structure.
Also called an applied column, colonette or shaft.
A sacrament and the central act of worship in many Christian
churches performed during the Mass, which was instituted at
the Last Supper and in which bread and wine are consecrated
and consumed in remembrance of Jesus's death.
windows, often obliquely cut, in the wall of a church, placed
to offer a view of the high altar from the transept or aisles.
Four of the followers of Christ - - Matthew, Mark, Luke, or
John - - who authored the four New Testament gospel narratives
describing the life of Christ.
Matthew: angel (man); Mark: lion; Luke: ox John: eagle often
used to symbolize the evangelists in sculpture or painted
Monumental or smaller niches or recessed spaces often semicircular
in shape and sometimes roofed with a semi-dome.
Outer narthex (entrance porch) in basilican and Byzantine
Outer curves or faces of arches or vaults forming a convex
face. Cf. intrados.
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