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Vernacular building technique in which the spaces between
the heavy supporting timbers are filled with brick, wattle
and daub, or other material.
Church design with side aisles as high or nearly as high as
the nave; this architectural form is found most often in Germany.
A crypt in the form of a large space of uniform height subdivided
Short, horizontal elements projecting inward at the top of
interior walls, attached to the foot of main rafters in a
roof and generally supporting arched roof braces.
An arch which has, or appears to have, no vertical supports.
The middle section between the crown and the springing of
The semicircular space at the east end of a basilican church
The primary altar in the church located in the main apse or
A capital designed with one or more figures of humans or animals,
sometimes combined with architectural settings or foliage.
The figures may be decorative or carry symbolic, moral or
narrative meaning and may constitute a narrative sequence
such as scenes from the Life of Christ. Historiated capitals
were most commonly used in the Romanesque from the late eleventh
to mid-twelfth centuries and are sometimes found in monastic
An illuminated initial containing a figure or a group of figures,
which are either decorative or represent a narrative scene
related to the text.
Arches in which the curves are carried below the springing
line so that the opening at the bottom of the arch is less
than its greatest span, common in Islamic architecture.
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