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Translucent or opaque sheets prepared from calf, sheep, or
goat skin which has been limed, depilated, scraped, and dried
under tension to produce a thin, strong material for writing,
bookbinding, or other uses. The term vellum is used for a
finer quality parchment prepared calf skin.
In Byzantine churches, the side chapels attached to the building
of the main church.
Individual chambers in temples or churches. In ancient temples,
the chambers provided apartments for the "pastophori," an
order of priests who carried the shrines of the gods in procession.
According to tradition, the Temple of Jerusalem had these
chambers so the term may be applied to apartments that imitate
these chambers and are typically located on either side of
the bema in Byzantine churches .
Christian liturgical plates, usually shallow in form, on which
the Host is placed both before and after consecration.
Curved wall surfaces, broadly rectangular in shape, that provides
a transitional element between a dome (or its drum) and the
Domes with inner surfaces continuous with the surfaces of
A scroll or roll (made of parchment), usually shown unfurled,
sometimes containing lettering signifying the Word of God.
A square or rectangular vertical masonry supporting element
used on both the exterior and interior of buildings.
Vertical masonry elements in a rectangular upright format
attached to and projecting slightly from a wall with a base
and capital and, in classical architecture, conforming to
one of the orders (Doric, Ionic, Corinthian).
People traveling along a designated route to visit specific
churches as part of a penitential journey.
Flattened, gourd-shaped water or wine bottles with one or
two pairs of lugs at each side for the attachment of shoulder
straps, used by pilgrims during their journey along the pilgrimage
Churches designed and built primarily during the 11th century
to accommodate crowds of visiting pilgrims along the main
routes to the shrine at Campostela, Spain; may also be used
for any large church designed to receive large numbers of
pilgrims and characterized by the arrangement of entrances/exits,
aisles and chapels to facilitate a steady movement of people
through the building .
A column with engaged colonnettes or shafts forming a complex
profile and characteristic of Gothic architecture.
Uppermost vertical structures, generally more or less tapering,
usually located atop buttresses and often designed with decorative
elements such as tracery or crockets.
Tracery (stone openwork supporting window glazing) whose openings
are or seem to be pierced through flat slabs of stone, characteristic
of Early Gothic windows. As opposed to bar tracery which is
thinner and more thread-like in appearance.
Rectangular or square supporting elements or lower blocks
for columns, pilasters, or door framing. Also a solid monumental
base, often ornamented, to support statues or memorials.
A structural member spanning an opening in which the wedge-shaped
stones (voussoirs) are arranged so the apex of the arch forms
a point. Pointed arches are a characteristic structural feature
of Gothic architecture.
A hard dark purplish-red rock, first quarried in ancient Egypt,
containing relatively large crystals in a fine-grained igneous
matrix. May be highly polished and used for sculpture, tombs,
vases and architectural elements.
A prominent, monumental entrance on the faŤade of a building
designed to emphasize the importance of the entrance, sometimes
decorated with elaborate sculptural programs representing
Box-like bases of large altarpieces, most often in Italy,
decorated with images usually related to the figures of saints
and other holy personages shown in the main panel. See altarpiece
Crosses mounted on staffs and carried in Christian religious
processions made of ivory, wood, or metal and either with
or without the figure of the crucified Christ,
Recesses functioning as chapels used for preparation of the
Eucharist by the clergy, and located on the north side of
the bema in Byzantine churches.
A book (manuscript) containing the Psalms of the Bible.
Stands for a speaker, especially the preacher of a sermon,
often elevated for increased visibility and audibility, and
often decorated with sculpted panels depicting religious scenes.
Multi-ribbed domes resembling the form of a melon (either
exterior or interior) found especially in Islamic architecture.
Also called an umbrella dome or melon dome.
Christian liturgical vessel in the form of a small box with
a lid, sometimes of ivory and often decorated with low-relief
carving, used to hold the consecrated host. Distinct from
a monstrance which is used to display the Host.
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