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Chapels located along the outer perimeter of the ambulatory
in the east end of a basilican church plan. Chapels may be
defined as any space used for worship or veneration in a Christian
church, often dedicated to an individual saint or Christian
Dining halls of monasteries or other religious institutions
usually lined with tables and sometimes containing pulpits
for reading of religious texts during meal times. In Italy,
refectories are characteristically long rectangular rooms
often decorated with frescoes depicting the Last Supper.
Objects, such as parts of the body and articles of clothing
or of personal use, that belonged to or were associated with
a saint, martyr, or other holy person, preserved and held
in veneration and often attributed with special powers. Relics
are housed in reliquaries, often richly decorated containers
sometimes designed in the form of the body part from which
the relic was taken, e.g. a head (for a piece of skull) or
an arm (for a piece of bone from the arm or hand). There was
substantial commercial trade in relics.
Arches which deflect the thrust or weight from another arch,
opening, or other structural member located beneath.
Containers for safeguarding or exhibiting the relics of a
saint, varying in size from small boxes to large objects,
often richly decorated and gilded, sometimes in the shape
of the enclosed relic.
Supporting elements, usually pilasters or colonettes,
attached to a wall used to support or reinforce the end of
an arch, a groin of a vault, or a vault rib.
Painted or sculpted panels attached to the back of a Christian
altar's mensa depicting religious figures and scenes.
Wall facings, usually decorative, laid over rough or unfinished
surfaces of walls, often of marble or other decorative stone.
Arches or raised moldings of masonry supporting or decorating
quadripartite (four-part) or sexpartite (six-part) vaults.
Vaults that include slender arched moldings or supports called
ribs, used either as structural or decorative elements arranged
in a diagonal formation on the surface of the vault and crossing
in the center. The brick or stone covering spanning each section
between the ribs is called the web. Ribbed vaults are usually
composed of four (quadripartite) or six (sexpartite) sections
The main rib situated along the longitudinal or transverse
ridge (apex) of a vault.
The vertical distance (height) between the spring line (starting
point) of an arch and the keystone or a vault and the boss.
Monumental circular window formed with patterned stone tracery
and filled with stained glass, located in the west facade
or transept facades of a Christian church.
Curved or semi-circular structural element, spanning an opening
and transmitting the vertical thrust to either side of the
opening. A series of uninterrupted round arches constitutes
a tunnel or barrel vault.
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