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Rooms in or attached to churches where the sacred utensils
and vestments are kept; used as robing and disrobing rooms
for the clergy.
A consolidated sedimentary rock, consisting of sand grains
united with a natural cementing material; the most common
sand in sandstone contains quartz, with considerable feldspar,
lime, mica, and clayey. Used as a building material.
Coffins made of stone or clay (Etruscan examples in clay),
often ornamented with sculpture either abstract or figural,
and placed in a church, vault, tomb or, in the case of Early
Christian burial practices, a catacomb. Many Late Antique
and Early Christian sarcophagi are ornamented with strigillation,
a repetitive curving fluted pattern.
Facades constructed to conceal the shape or size of the buildings
to which they are attached by exceeding them in height or
width. In Medieval architecture, screen facades are usually
richly ornamented with sculptural or decorative elements.
Rooms designated for the production and copying of manuscripts.
A half-dome often abutting a central dome acting as support.
Vaults divided into six vaulting cells or sections.
Small columns that are usually attached to walls or piers,
sometimes referred to as engaged shafts or colonettes.
Plain blocks used as low pedestals for statues or columns
or the plain faces at the lower part of walls or pedestals.
The underside of a part or member of a building such as the
underside of an arch. The rounded molding forming the underside
of the arch may be called a soffit roll.
The distance (width) between the upright supports of a transverse
structural member (e.g. a lintel) or between the columns or
piers supporting an arch.
Wall surfaces, basically triangular in shape, surrounding
An elongated, pointed structure rising from a tower, turret,
or roof and acting as a capping element. Spires, often located
on the crossing tower, may be surmounted by a cross or orb
(global representation of the earth) pointing skyward and
lending increased visibility to the church from great distances.
The starting point at which an arch or vault begins to curve.
The base voussoirs, or bottom stones, of an arch or vault
at the point of transition from the vertical support to the
curve of the arch or vault.
or corbelled transitional elements, sometimes arranged in
concentrically wider arches, that span the interior corners
of a square or polygonal base serving to support a circular
or polygonal dome.
Small windows, often obliquely cut, in the wall of a church,
placed to offer a view of the high altar from the transept
Window glazing composed of colored glass in which the design
is meant to be observed through refracted light. The stages
of manufacture were described in a manual written in the early
twelfth century by the monk Theophilus. The stained glass
design is made by cutting pieces of colored glass, with blue,
red and yellow colors predominant, following a design worked
out in a full-scale cartoon (drawing). The irregularly shaped
pieces are held together by strips of lead. Details such as
facial features and drapery folds may be painted on the surface
of the pieces of glass and fired in a kiln before piecing
the glass together. Together with sculptural programs on the
church facades, stained glass in the clerestory was used to
illustrate Biblical texts as well as events from lives of
Thin horizontal bands of masonry running along the face of
a nave, transept or choir wall and in some instances continuing
across piers or engaged columns; may be flush or projecting
and may be flat surfaced, molded, or otherwise decoratively
enhanced often with foliate designs.
Personification of Judiasm often shown as a female figure,
blindfolded and holding the tablets of the law. Often appears
with Ecclesia (Personification of the Christian church).
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