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Primary Sources

Primary sources are historical documents providing rare and valuable information about a building or work of art. These sources take many forms including scholarly texts, government records, diaries, and letters. Usually preserved in state or local archives, modern scholars examine these texts for both factual and interpretive information.

Secondary Sources

Secondary sources are written by scholars using information derived from historical documents, archaeological investigation and intellectual interpretation.



The glossary provides wirtten definitions of specialized terms.


Three-Dimensional Glossary

The 3-D glossary allows you to explore and interact with architectural elements such as domes, vaults, and columns.



Including: twenty-five maps from The Penguin Atlas of Medieval Historyand other related maps

  Interactive Ground Plans

Including: Hagia Sophia and Kariye Camii

Pictorial Decoration

This option provides a detailed description of the mosaic and fresco decoration of the Kariye Camii.


Kariye Camii Cube

Use this program to rotate a 3-D cube displaying the ground plan and graphic images of the exterior of the Kariye Camii.











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media center for art history and archaeology | columbia university